Many aspects of roman culture were borrowed from the greeks in architecture and sculpture, the difference between greek models and roman paintings are apparent the chief roman contributions to architecture were the arch and the dome. Greek culture influenced the development of roman civilization because at first rome absorbed ideas from greek colonists in southern italy, and they continued to borrow from greek culture after they conquered greece. The culture of ancient rome existed throughout the almost 1200-year history of the civilization of ancient rome the term refers to the culture of the roman republic, later the roman empire, which at its peak covered an area from lowland scotland and morocco to the euphrates. Roman theater began as a translation of greek forms, in combination with native song and dance, farce and improv in roman (or italian) hands, the materials of greek masters were converted to stock characters, plots, and situations that we can recognize today in shakespeare and even modern sitcoms.
The roman elites looked up to greek culture they received a greek education and spoke greek as well as latin there were greek libraries in rome. Although rome was influenced by the greek culture already in major ways through the forming of the πόλεις (roman temples being a good example), it was after the invasion of greece the influence became as overpowering as it is seen today.
Preserving greco-roman culture byzantine families valued education → classical learning: study of greek and roman literature, grammar, philosophy, science, math, history iii. Myths, whether greek, roman, any other culture's, at the end of the day were concerned with the relationship between the gods and humans, differing in this regard from fairytales and folktales. In the west, rome, its institutions, and its language had been imposed, whereas the cities in the greek east had tended to absorb roman values and to transform them into a common greco-roman culture in which the greek element predominated.
Greek and roman culture, although similar, are very different and interesting since the romans adopted culture from the greeks, many traditions are the same when the romans conquered the hellenistic cities, they became fascinated with the idea of a greek style of doing things all things greek were now considered popular. Via the roman empire, greek culture came to be foundational to western culture in general the byzantine empire inherited classical greek culture directly, without latin intermediation, and the preservation of classical greek learning in medieval byzantine tradition exerted strong influence on the slavs and later on the islamic golden age and the western european renaissance. Ancient greek and roman culture survived, but only until the fall of the western roman empire roman culture was abandoned after constantinople's leader was overthrown by a germanic prince roman culture did not disappear because the traditions were kept alive by leaders in constantinople.
As roman military power grew and rome became increasingly drawn into greek affairs, the greeks alternated between fearing the romans and hoping to 'tame' them with respect for greek culture and institutions (not a completely vain hope: aemilius paullus, and flamininus, who conquered greece for rome, were famously mild conquerors who showed deep. -byzantine libraries preserved greek and roman knowledge what was the religious result of the cultural and political differences between the eastern roman empire and the western roman empire the unity of the church was weakened and the christian church was divided. Language constitutes one of the most important elements of the greek culture modern greek language is a descendant of the ancient greek language and is affiliated to the part of the greek or hellenic branch of indo-european.
The classical belief in humanism was evident in sculptures during the greek and roman era the sculptures looked realistic and nudity was common as it showed off the body god(s) were shown as perfect human beings, proportional, athletic, young and beautiful. Greek and roman art and architecture about the art and architecture of ancient greece and rome played a foundational role of the history of western art, establishing numerous key concepts, techniques, and styles that artists in the subsequent millennia have revisited and responded to in countless ways. Taken singly, most greek achievements can be paralleled in the culture of at least one of their neighbours the babylonians knew about pythagoras's theorem centuries before pythagoras was born. Although greek culture exerted influence on the spread, language, and culture of christianity, and even spawned unbiblical cults, it did not affect the orthodox theology the story of a single, triune god, and the death and resurrection of jesus christ remain absolutely untouched by hellenism.