The opium war is more than just a war, the results and changes it made created a deep impact on china and the western world before the opium war, china's relationship with the western world was radically different. To compel a reluctant china to shift from its traditional tribute based foreign relations to treaty relations, europeans fought a second war with china from 1858-1860, and the concluding treaty of tientsin (tianjin) and convention of peking (beijing) increased china's semi-colonial status. The second opium war , the second anglo-chinese war , the second china war , the arrow war , or the anglo-french expedition to china , was a war pitting the british empire and the french empire against the qing dynasty of china, lasting from 1856 to 1860. The chinese civil war fought between the communists and the nationalists was to restore control over china it formed two parts, starting in 1927 , separated by the sino-japanese war in 1937 , and started again in 1946 after the war with japan was over. Although named for the drug trade, the root causes of the first opium war include other factors the british were committed to the concept of free trade, aggressively opening new markets for their products and a new found european model of international behavior forged in the aftermath of the napoleonic wars.
This is the treaty that had ended the first opium war this source was created in 1842 the queen of england and ireland at the time wrote this and she wrote it to where england got the better of the deal. To me, the main impact of this war was that it acted as a wedge to open china up as china was forced to open up more and more to the west (and eventually japan) it lost its sovereignty and its. The intrusion of the west is the first section in part iv china in the modern world (pages 253-264) this section provides a good historical overview of the events leading up to the opium war, with details about the opium trade, the war, and the resulting treaties imposed on china by the west. 1038 choice february 2015 reviews social & behavioral sciences her talents in both fields to produce a narrative history of the first opium war between great britain and china.
The opium war and its aftermath (1839-64) in the early 1800's, china, by its own design, was still largely cut off from trade with the outside world all trade with europe was channeled through one port, canton. The british had muskets and cannons, as well as extensive formal training lin tried to overcome china's military problem by arming the people he raised militia levies so each cantonese village could have its own militia. It was implemented in the aftermath of the first opium war between great britain and chinese qing dynasty involving the hong kong islands extraterritoriality: after the war, british asked for more jurisdictions in china. During the first opium war, china cedes the island of hong kong to the british with the signing of the chuenpi convention, an agreement seeking an end to the first anglo-chinese conflict in 1839.
The opium wars in the mid-19th century were a critical juncture in modern chinese history the first opium war was fought between china and great britain from 1839 to 1942 in the second opium war, from 1856 to 1860, a weakened china fought both great britain and france. Focus in on the first opium war the book is very good at examining the role that the war plays in recent/contemporary chinese politics and rhetoric, and in not assuming that this was a one-way bad-west meets good-east conflict. And while the opium war itself had a direct impact on relatively few chinese, one of the results of the opening up of china demanded by the 1842 treaty was the taiping war of 1856-64, when a.
Until the end of the first opium war in 1842, all foreign trade in china had to go through the port city of canton traders found ways to circumvent this system to smuggle opium into the country (new york public library. The first opium war (1839-42) was fought between china and britain, and the second opium war (1856-60), was fought by britain and france against china in each case the foreign powers were victorious and gained commercial privileges and legal and territorial concessions in china. In october 1839, a windsor cabinet meeting votes to begin the first opium war against china bureaucratic fumbling, military missteps, and a healthy dose of political opportunism and collaboration followed.
The colonial period began with the occupation of hong kong island in 1841 during the first opium war the island was ceded by qing china in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a crown colony in 1843. Before qing's establishment, there was a regime called 'latter jin' that had been set up by nurhachu, leader of the man ethnic minority actually, man people were the offspring of the nuzhen people who had always been living in northeast china after reunifying all the nuzhen tribes, nurhachu. The ensuring first opium war then began china's long series of humiliating defeats at the hands of foreign powers in pre-modern history regardless of his so-called mishandlings of the opium situation and foreign affairs, lin zexu is today honoured throughout global chinese communities for his moral uprightness.
No sooner had peace been negotiated than merchants began to hawk opium at fire-sale prices, and the conclusion of the second opium war (1856-58) removed all residual restraints on the trafficking of the drug as the chinese themselves began poppy cultivation: by 1880, china was still importing 6,500 tons annually, but by 1900 it was producing. In the mid-1850s, the european powers and the united states sought to renegotiate their commercial treaties with china this effort was led by the british who sought the opening of all of china to their merchants, an ambassador in beijing, legalization of the opium trade, and the exemption of imports from tariffs. Before the opium wars china had started to develop an urban market economy, but once the wars began, china was exposed prematurely to western industries china could not compete and became dependent on foreign goods and trade. To try to increase trade profits in china, the british a seized taiwan as their first chinese colony in 1827 b had lords macartney and amherst successfully negotiate broadened british trading rights with the chinese.
The aftermath on china was that,having lost the subsequent war,they were forced to accept the opium trade (along with the adverse effects it had on the chinese economy and chinese people),as well as agree to more trade in more cities with britainthis was a humiliation for the chinese government,and showed clearly for the first time how weak. Today, the first opium war is taught in chinese schools as being the beginning of the century of humiliation — the end of that century coming in 1949 with the reunification of china. The first opium war (chinese: 第一次鴉片戰爭), also known as the opium war or the anglo-chinese war, was a series of military engagements fought between the united kingdom and the qing dynasty of china over their conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations, trade, and the administration of justice in china. On paper, china had just over a million men at arms to throw into the war - 325,000 of them banner troops, about the same number of 'green standard' han soldiers, plus 400,000 other men said to have undergone training.